The University of Tartu Art Museum’s historical originals collection from 1803–1915 was taken from Tartu to Russia during World War I in order to shelter the art. The collection is now located in Voronezh Regional Art Museum, although it should have been returned to the University of Tartu Art Museum according to the peace treaty between the Republic of Estonia and the Soviet Union signed in 1920. The collection included over 200 Greek vases and sculptures, more than 100 Egyptian relics and 16–19th century oil paintings, and over 5000 coins.
In 1988, the negotiations began with Russia to retrieve the collection. As a result, they published an illustrated catalogue, which displays the entire collection of paintings, and Egyptian and Antique works of the University of Tartu. Details of the catalogue can be found here.